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T1 North Shore & Western Line
|Ownership and operation|
|Controlling authority||Transport for NSW|
|Annual patronage||142 853 000 (2017-18)|
The T1 North Shore & Western Line is a commuter rail line serving the North Shore and Western Suburbs in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The line forms part of the Sydney Trains network and is coloured yellow on maps and informational material. The line was created in 2013 as the T1 North Shore, Northern & Western Line and received its current name in 2019 when the T9 Northern Line was separated from the T1.
- F1 Manly
- F2 Taronga Zoo
- F3 Parramatta River
- F4 Cross Harbour
- F5 Neutral Bay
- F6 Mosman Bay
- F7 Double Bay
- F8 Cockatoo Island
Following victory in the 2011 New South Wales election, the new O'Farrell Government embarked on reform of transport in New South Wales. In November 2011, a new organisation, Transport for NSW, was created to improve planning and coordination of transport projects and services. The organisation developed a new rail timetable and branding, which was put into effect on 20 October 2013. This saw the merger of the North Shore Line and Western Line (Berowra - City via Gordon then to Emu Plains or Richmond via Strathfield) with the Northern Line (Hornsby - City via Macquarie Park then to Epping via Strathfield). A new numbering system was also introduced and the line was given the number T1.
The Epping to Chatswood railway line, which had formed part of the T1 North Shore, Northern & Western Line, closed in late 2018 for conversion to metro standards as part of the Sydney Metro Northwest project. This saw the Northern Line return to its traditional route, although it was still being operated under the T1 North Shore, Northern & Western Line banner. In early 2019 Transport for NSW decided to reinstate separate branding for the Northern Line. The new T9 Northern Line operates from Hornsby to Gordon via Strathfield.  The T1 North Shore & Western Line returned to the same route that had existed prior to 2013. The changes took effect on 28 April 2019.
Railway line history
The North Shore & Western Line uses a number of different railway lines and is the result of various schemes to link the lines together. The line runs along the entirety of the Main Suburban railway line which runs from Central to Granville. This connects to the North Shore railway line at the city end and the Main Western line at the western end. T1 trains continue from the North Shore line to the Main Northern railway line (which branches from the Main Suburban line at Strathfield) and travel as far as Berowra. At Blacktown on the Main Western line, the T1 line branches in two. One branch continues along the Main Western line to Emu Plains and the other travels along the full length of the Richmond railway line.
The North Shore, Northern & Western Line formerly used the Epping to Chatswood line in addition to the above lines, which provided a second connection between the Main Northern and North Shore lines.
Main Western and Richmond lines
A branch line was opened to Richmond in 1864. Electrification from Riverstone to Richmond opened in August 1991. Through running to and from Sydney commenced in 1992.
North Shore Line
The North Shore line was opened on 1 January 1890 between Hornsby and St Leonards. The line was extended to the Sydney Harbour foreshore at Milsons Point in 1893. Transport between this original Milsons Point station and central Sydney was by ferry boat. The line was electrified in 1927.
When the Sydney Harbour Bridge was opened in 1932 a new Milsons Point station (on the bridge approach) came into operation and the North Shore Line was extended through it and over the Sydney Harbour Bridge to link with the underground lines of central Sydney. The result is that the two ends of the North Shore Line link to the Sydney railway system at Central and Hornsby.
Main Northern and Epping to Chatswood lines
The traditional Northern Line was the suburban portion of the Main Northern line which opened in 1886 and was electrified in 1926. When the Sydney Harbour Bridge was opened, the Northern Line was connected to the City underground and the North Shore line.
In 2009 the Epping to Chatswood line was opened. The traditional Northern line route ran from Hornsby to North Sydney via Strathfield and the City. When the Epping to Chatswood Line opened, the Northern Line was split in two, with trains from north of Epping operating via the new link, approaching the city via the North Shore Line and rejoining the traditional route before terminating at Epping. The Northern Line was colour coded red prior to being merged with the North Shore and Western lines. After merging, the Northern Line loop was split on weekdays, with trains from the upper Northern Line continuing to Richmond or Emu Plains.
The Epping to Chatswood line closed in 2018. It was being converted to metro standards as part of the Sydney Metro Northwest project. As a result, the traditional Northern line route from Hornsby to Central via Strathfield was reinstated. The creation of the T9 Northern Line in April 2019 sees the T1's use of the Main Northern line limited to the section between Berowra and Hornsby.
The line heads south from Berowra to Hornsby to using the Main Northern railway line. Trains then divert on to the North Shore railway line, eventually passing through North Sydney station before heading across the Sydney Harbour Bridge, through the western limb of the City Circle and the stations of Central and Redfern. Services then run along the Main Suburban railway line, usually using the middle 'Suburban' pair of the six tracks between Redfern and Strathfield and do not stop at intermediate stations between these two stations. Trains continue west from Strathfield to Granville where they join the Main Western railway line. After passing through Parramatta, services reach Blacktown, where the line divides in two. A western branch continues along the Main Western line as far as Emu Plains and a north-western branch heads to Richmond using the Richmond railway line.
|Railway line||Sydney Trains interchanges||Other interchanges*|
|Berowra||44.7 km||1887||Main Northern||none||
|Mount Kuring-gai||40.7 km||1901||none|
|Mount Colah||37.7 km||1887|
|Hornsby||33.9 km||1886||North Shore|
|St Leonards||8.4 km||1890|
|North Sydney||5.1 km||1932|
|Milsons Point||4.4 km||1932|
|Town Hall||1.2 km||1932|
|Redfern||1.3 km||1878||Main Suburban||
(T8 peak hours only)
|Harris Park||22.6 km||After 1883||Main Western|
|Pendle Hill||28.3 km||1924|
|Seven Hills||32.1 km||1863|
|Blacktown||34.8 km||1860||Main Western
|At Blacktown, the line branches. The western branch is towards Emu Plains, and the northwestern branch is towards Richmond.|
|To Emu Plains|
|Doonside||38.6 km||1880||Main Western||none||none|
|Rooty Hill||40.9 km||1861|
|Mount Druitt||43.3 km||1881|
|St Marys||47.4 km||1862|
|Emu Plains||57.4 km||1868||
|Quakers Hill||40.1 km||1872|
|East Richmond||60.0 km||1939|
* Most stations are served by connecting bus services. Some additional stations may be served by intercity trains at certain times.
The following table shows the patronage of Sydney Trains network for the year ending 30 June 2019.
- Figures based on Opal tap on and tap off data.
†= T1 North Shore, Northern & Western Line was split into the T1 North Shore & Western Line and T9 Northern Line in April 2019. These figures group the T1 Northern Line with those of the T9 Northern Line instead of the T1. Additionally, the Northern Line route was changed in Septermber 2018 when the Epping to Chatswood line was closed. This resulted in a decrease in Northern Line and an increase in North Shore Line patronage from October.
- O'Sullivan, Matt (20 February 2019). "A new red line through Sydney's rail map". The Sydney Morning Herald. https://www.smh.com.au/national/nsw/a-new-red-line-through-sydney-s-rail-map-20190220-p50z1r.html.
- "You can now see the new metro line on a rail map". Time Out Sydney. https://www.timeout.com/sydney/news/you-can-now-see-the-new-metro-line-on-a-rail-map-022119.
- "Service adjustments 2019". transportnsw.info. https://transportnsw.info/service-adjustments-2019. Retrieved 27 April 2019.
- "Main West Line". Nswrail.net. http://www.nswrail.net/lines/show.php?name=NSW:main_west. Retrieved 3 January 2007.
- "Cheers for rail plan, now let's get it moving". Sydney Morning Herald. 10 June 2005. http://www.smh.com.au/news/national/cheers-for-rail-plan-now-lets-get-it-moving/2005/06/09/1118123959790.html. Retrieved 3 January 2007.
- "The Times Oct 1998". AATC. http://www.aattc.org.au/timeso98.htm. Retrieved 3 January 2007.
- "Station Link bus services to connect customers during Metro upgrade". transportnsw.info. Transport for NSW. https://transportnsw.info/news/2018/station-link-bus-services-to-connect-customers-during-metro-upgrade.
- "NSW Rail.net Main North line". http://www.nswrail.net/lines/show.php?name=NSW:main_north. Retrieved 3 July 2007.
- "NSW Rail.net North Shore line". http://www.nswrail.net/lines/show.php?name=NSW:north_shore. Retrieved 3 July 2007.
- "NSW Rail.net City Circle". http://www.nswrail.net/lines/show.php?name=NSW:city_circle. Retrieved 3 July 2007.
- "NSW Rail.net Main South line". http://www.nswrail.net/lines/show.php?name=NSW:main_south. Retrieved 3 July 2007.
- "Train Patronage - Monthly Figures". Transport for NSW. https://www.transport.nsw.gov.au/data-and-research/passenger-travel/train-patronage/train-patronage-monthly-figures. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
This article incorporates text from the following revision of the English Wikipedia article "North Shore, Northern & Western Line": https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=North_Shore,_Northern_%26_Western_Line&oldid=884030283.