Wikisage, the free encyclopedia of the second generation, is digital heritage

Sydney Trains

From Wikisage
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sydney Trains is the suburban commuter rail network serving the Australian city of Sydney, New South Wales. The network consists of surface lines in the suburbs, most of which feed underground lines in the central core. Its nine lines serve 175 stations. The network is controlled by the New South Wales Government's transport authority, Transport for NSW, and is part of the authority's Opal fare system. Day-to-day operation of the network is contracted to an eponymously named organisation also owned by the New South Wales Government. In 2017-18, 359.2 million passenger journeys were made on the network.


In May 2012, the New South Wales Government announced a restructure of RailCorp, the organisation that owned and managed the metropolitan rail network and operated passenger services throughout the New South Wales.[1][2][3][4] Two new organisations were created to take over operation of the services from 1 July 2013. Sydney Trains acquired all suburban services in the Sydney metropolitan area bounded by Berowra, Emu Plains, Macarthur and Waterfall from RailCorp's CityRail division. Intercity and Hunter Line services previously operated by CityRail were taken over by NSW Trains (branded as NSW TrainLink).[5] RailCorp remained as the owner of the network infrastructure.

Network changes

The first expansion of the Sydney suburban network during the Sydney Trains era occurred in 2015 when the South West Rail Link opened between Glenfield and Leppington.

Beginning in 2018, some sections of the network are being transferred to the city’s metro and light rail networks. Two sections are being transferred to what is currently known as the Metro North West Line. The line between Chatswood and Epping was converted to metro as part of the Sydney Metro Northwest project and closed for conversion in September 2018.[6] The section of line between Sydenham and Bankstown will be converted as part of Sydney Metro City & Southwest. This extension to the Metro North West Line is due to open in 2024.[7] The section of line between Camellia and Carlingford will form part of the Parramatta Light Rail network.[8] The adjacent section of track between Clyde and Camellia, including Rosehill station, will become disused.[9] The Carlingford line will close in January 2020.[10] The light rail is expected to open in 2023.[8]


In addition to operating suburban train services, Sydney Trains maintains the New South Wales Metropolitan Rail Area, and maintains all but a handful of operational railway stations in the state.


Sydney Trains operates nine suburban lines across metropolitan Sydney.

In conjunction with a new timetable released on 20 October 2013, the Sydney Trains network was reorganised with a new numbering system. The number of lines was reduced from eleven to seven by merging several lines together. Over the next few years, some of these mergers were wound back. By 2019 the network had increased to nine lines.[11][12][13]

Line colour, number and name Between
T1 North Shore & Western Line

Berowra and Emu Plains or Richmond via Central.

T2 Inner West & Leppington Line

City Circle and Parramatta or Leppington via Granville.

T3 Bankstown Line City Circle and Liverpool or Lidcombe via Bankstown and Sydenham.
T4 Eastern Suburbs & Illawarra Line Bondi Junction and Waterfall or Cronulla via Central.
T5 Cumberland Line Schofields and Leppington. Limited services continue from Schofields to Richmond.
T6 Carlingford Line Clyde and Carlingford.
T7 Olympic Park Line Lidcombe and Olympic Park. Some services operate between Central and Olympic Park, particularly during special events.
T8 Airport & South Line City Circle and Macarthur via Revesby and either Sydenham (peak) or Airport
T9 Northern Line Gordon and Hornsby via Central.

The main hub of the Sydney Trains system is Central station, which most lines pass through. Central is also the terminus of most NSW TrainLink lines. After leaving Central, trains coming from the T2 Inner West & Leppington Line, T3 Bankstown Line and T8 Airport & South Line then travel through the City Circle - a ring line beneath the Sydney central business district. After completing the City Circle, these trains pass through Central for a second time and return to the suburbs. The T1 North Shore & Western Line, T4 Eastern Suburbs & Illawarra Line and T9 Northern Line pass through the central business district and continue on to other areas of Sydney. The T5 Cumberland Line serves Western Sydney and provides access to the major centre of Parramatta from the south west of the city without requiring a change of trains at Granville. The T6 Carlingford Line and T7 Olympic Park Line are suburban shuttle services.


NightRide bus services established in 1989, replace trains between midnight and 4:30am, leaving the tracks clear of trains for maintenance work. Such bus services mainly stop near stations operating typically at hourly intervals (some routes depart more frequently on weekends). Many services depart the city from bus stops near Town Hall station.[14] NightRide services are contracted to external bus operators and are identified by route numbers beginning with "N".


Sydney Trains operates a fleet of double deck electric multiple units. The trainsets are divided into the following classes:

Sydney Trains fleet
Class Carriages Service Formation
K sets 160 1981-85 4 cars
C sets 56 1986-87 4 cars
T sets 447 1988-95 4 cars
M sets 140 2002-05 4 cars
A sets 626 2011-14 8 cars
B sets 192 2018-19 8 cars

Graph-Sydney Trains fleet.png

██ K sets

██ C sets

██ T sets

██ M sets

██ A sets

██ B sets

Though primarily operated by NSW TrainLink, some H sets are also used on suburban services. The Sydney Trains network is divided into three sectors, based around three maintenance depots.[15] Trainsets are identified by target plates, which are exhibited on the front lower nearside of driving carriages.[16] Each target plate includes the letter of the class the set belongs to and the number of the individual set. Waratahs do not have a target plate, but instead, have the information written directly on the front of the train. The composition and formations of train sets and the target designations are subject to alteration. Sydney Trains also maintains intercity trains for NSW TrainLink.[17]

New South Wales electric network depots & maintenance sectors
Sector # Depot Serviced lines Target plate Fleet
1 Mortdale T4 Eastern Suburbs & Illawarra Line. Red T
2 Flemington T2 Inner West & Leppington, T3 Bankstown, T6 Carlingford, T7 Olympic Park and T8 Airport & South lines.

NSW TrainLink Blue Mountains and Central Coast & Newcastle lines (V sets only).

Blue K, C, V
3 Hornsby T1 North Shore, Northern & Western line. Black T
n/a Eveleigh NSW TrainLink Central Coast & Newcastle and South Coast lines. Green H
n/a Auburn T1 North Shore & Western (A sets only), T2 Inner West & Leppington, T3 Bankstown, T5 Cumberland (A and M Sets), T6 Carlingford (M sets only), T7 Olympic Park (A sets only), T8 Airport & South and T9 Northern (A sets only) lines. n/a A, B, M


The following table lists patronage figures for the network during the corresponding financial year. Australia's financial years start on 1 July and end on 30 June. Major events that affected the number of journeys made or how patronage is measured are included as notes.

Sydney Trains patronage by financial year
Year 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18
[lower-alpha 1]
[lower-alpha 2]
322 340.7
[lower-alpha 3]
References [18] [19] [20] [21]
  1. Opal rollout completed in March 2014.
  2. South West Rail Link opened in February 2015.
  3. Non-Opal tickets were discontinued in August 2016.
2018-19 Sydney Trains patronage by line[n.b. 1] [22]
Line Figure

Sydney Trains patronage by line last financial year.png

2018-19 patronage of Transport for NSW's
Sydney services by mode[23]

Sydney PT patronage by mode last financial year.png

  1. Figures based on Opal tap on and tap off data.
    = T1 North Shore, Northern & Western Line was split into the T1 North Shore & Western Line and T9 Northern Line in April 2019. These figures group the T1 Northern Line with those of the T9 Northern Line instead of the T1. Additionally, the Northern Line route was changed in Septermber 2018 when the Epping to Chatswood line was closed. This resulted in a decrease in Northern Line and an increase in North Shore Line patronage from October.

Ticketing and costs

Sydney Trains currently uses the Opal fare system which was introduced to the network in April 2014.[24] The fare system is fully integrated with the NSW TrainLink Intercity and Sydney Metro networks - trips involving both suburban and intercity services or train and metro travel are calculated as a single fare and there is no interchange penalty.[25] A surcharge is levied when using the two privately operated stations serving Sydney Airport. As there are no return or periodical options available, reusable Opal cards include a number of caps to reduce the cost for frequent travellers. Opal is also valid on bus, ferry and light rail services but separate fares apply for these modes. The following table lists Opal fares for reusable smartcards and single trip tickets as of 24 June 2019:[26]

Metro & train 0–10 km 10–20 km 20–35 km 35–65 km 65 km+
Adult cards & contactless (peak) $3.61 $4.48 $5.15 $6.89 $8.86
Adult cards & contactless (off-peak) $2.52 $3.13 $3.60 $4.82 $6.20
Other cards (peak) $1.80 $2.24 $2.57^ $3.44^ $4.43^
Other cards (off-peak) $1.26 $1.56 $1.79 $2.40 $3.10^
Adult single trip $4.50 $5.60 $6.40 $8.40 $10.80
Child/Youth single trip $2.20 $2.80 $3.20 $4.20 $5.40

^ = $2.50 for Senior/Pensioner cardholders

The previous ticketing system was introduced in 1992 and was based on magnetic stripe technology. It was shut down on 1 August 2016.[27]


  1. "RailCorp job cuts first of many: unions". The Sydney Morning Herald. 15 May 2012. 
  2. "Ruthless RailCorp reforms planned as middle management axed". The Daily Telegraph. 15 May 2012. 
  3. "Corporate Plan 2012/13". RailCorp. 
  4. "700 jobs to go as RailCorp gets the axe". The Daily Telegraph. 16 November 2012. 
  5. "About the Reform". Transport for NSW. Archived from the original on 1 May 2013. 
  6. "Station Link bus services to connect customers during Metro upgrade". Transport for NSW. 7 April 2018. 
  7. "Sydney Metro". Transport for NSW. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Parramatta Light Rail – Stage 1: Connecting great places". Transport for NSW. March 2017. Retrieved 7 June 2017. 
  9. "Parramatta Light Rail | Stage 1 – Westmead to Carlingford via Camellia: Environmental Impact Statement". Transport for NSW. pp. 5-65, 5-66. Retrieved 24 August 2017. 
  10. "Frequently Asked Questions". Transport for NSW. Retrieved 31 August 2019. 
  11. "More Trains, More Services for South Western Sydney". Transport for NSW. 27 February 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  12. O'Sullivan, Matt (21 February 2019). "A New Red Line Through Sydney's Rail Map". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 21 February 2019. 
  13. "Service adjustments 2019". Retrieved 27 April 2019. 
  14. "Late night services". Retrieved 14 April 2018. 
  15. "Train Fleet Maintenance". CityRail. 1 June 2006. Archived from the original on 13 March 2008. Retrieved 18 May 2008. 
  16. Department of Railways, New South Wales: Working of Electric Trains, 1965
  17. "Our fleet - Sydney Trains". Retrieved 2018-02-28. 
  18. "Transport for NSW Annual Report 2014-15". Transport for NSW. p. 131. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  19. "Sydney Trains 2015-16 Annual Report Volume 1" (pdf). Sydney Trains. p. 3. 
  20. "Sydney Trains Annual Report 2016-17". Transport for NSW. p. 4. Retrieved 24 November 2017. 
  21. "Sydney Trains Annual Report 2017-18". Sydney Trains. p. 4. Retrieved 2 December 2018. 
  22. "Train Patronage - Monthly Figures". Transport for NSW. Retrieved 23 August 2019. 
  23. See Public transport patronage in Sydney by mode for sources
  24. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 March 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-28. 
  25. "Metro coming mid 2019". Archived from the original on 4 February 2019. Retrieved 2019-03-16. 
  26. "Opal fares". Transport for NSW. Retrieved 24 June 2019. 
  27. "No more paper tickets". Transport for NSW. Retrieved 2016-07-20. 


This article incorporates text from the following revision of the English Wikipedia article "Sydney Trains":