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Charles Parker, Jr. (August 29, 1920 in Kansas City, United States – March 12, 1955 in New York City), usually called "Charlie Parker" but also "Yardbird" and "Bird", was an American jazz saxophonist and composer. Parker was a highly influential jazz soloist and a leading figure in the development of bebop, a form of jazz characterized by fast tempos, virtuosic technique and improvisation. Wikipedia describes Charlie Parker as "a blazingly fast virtuoso...[who] introduced revolutionary harmonic ideas including rapid passing chords, new variants of altered chords, and chord substitutions." According to the Charlie Parker website, "[h]e was, without a doubt, one of the most influential and talented musicians in jazz history." Wikipedia's Charlie Parker discography of compilations uses 1940 as its first year and 1954 as its final year, with the concentration highest around 1949-1950.
He also composed some tunes which he played in his quintet; the quintet included jazz trumpeter Miles Davis, along with drummer Max Roach, and other musicians.