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Tramway systems in the Netherlands

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This is a list of town tramway systems in the Netherlands by province.
It includes all tram systems, past and present.

Gelderland

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Apeldoorn Horse 1897 1917  
Petrol (gasoline) 1919 1922  
GETA Arnhem Horse 1880  ?  
Electric 1911 17 Sep 1944 Because of WWII closed – replaced by trolleybus. Heritage tramway opened in National Heritage Museum, Arnhem, 1996.
  Groenlo Horse  ?  ?  
Steam  ?  ?  
Petrol (gasoline)  ?  ?  
GTN Nijmegen Horse 1889 1911 Replaced by trolleybus
Steam  ?  ?  
Electric 1911 1955  
  Zaltbommel Horse  ?  ?  
  Zutphen Horse  ?  ?  

Groningen

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
GTG Groningen Horse 1880 1910 Gemeente Tram Groningen
Petrol (gasoline)  ?  ?  
Electric 1910 1949 Reintroduction planned as part of the Kolibri-plan to improve public transport in region and city: see [1]

Limburg

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
LTM Heerlen Steam  ?  ? Limburgsche Tramweg-Mij
Electric 1923 14 May 1950  
LTM ♦ Heerlen - Hoensbroek Steam  ? 1923  
Electric 1923  ?  
LTM ♦ Hoensbroek - Sittard Electric 1923  ?  
LTM ♦♦ branch to Brunssum Electric 24 Mar 1924  ?  
LTM ♦ Heerlen - Kerkrade Holz (German frontier) Electric 18 Aug 1926  ?  
LTM ♦ branch Valkenhuizen - Locht (German frontier) Electric 15 May 1928  ?  
MatT Maastricht Petrol (gasoline) 22 Apr 1896 1902 Maastrichtsche Tram
Horse 1903 15 Aug 1914 Closed for WWI
Electric (LRT)     Light rail (LRT), in planning, from Hasselt, Belgium, all to Maastricht) Flemish TVnews, 12 Febr. 2007 To be operated by Flemish Public Transport: De Lijn
  Venlo - Steyl Horse  ?  ?  
Petrol (gasoline)  ?  ?  
  Venray Horse  ?  ?  

Noord-Brabant (North Brabant)

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Breda Horse  ?  ?  
  Eindhoven Horse  ?  ?  
  Geertruidenberg Horse  ?  ?  
  's-Hertogenbosch Horse  ?  ?  
Steam  ?  ?  
  Vught Horse  ?  ?  
Steam  ?  ?  

Noord-Holland (North Holland)

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Alkmaar Horse  ?  ?  
GVBA Amsterdam Horse 3 Jun 1875 7 Aug 1916 Amsterdamse Omnibus Maatschappij
Electric 14 Aug 1900   Gemeentelijk Vervoerbedrijf
NZH ♦ Amsterdam - Edam - Volendam Steam 13 Dec 1888  ? N-Z Hollandsche stoomTramweg-Mij: Blauwe Tram
Electric  ? 30 Sep 1956 Edam - Volendam from: 1 Dec 1932.
NZH ♦♦ branch to Purmerend Steam 22 Jun 1894  ?  
Electric  ? 14 May 1949  
NZH ♦ Amsterdam - Haarlem - Zandvoort Electric 3 Jul 1899 31 Aug 1957 The first Electric overhead tramway in the Netherlands.
  Bergen Horse  ?  ?  
  Castricum Horse traction  ?  ?  
Electric  ?  ?  
  Den Helder Steam  ?  ?  
  Haarlem Horse 28 May 1878 1911  
Electric 1911 31 Oct 1948  
  Hilversum Horse  ?  ?  
  Zandvoort Horse  ?  ?  

Overijssel

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Deventer Horse  ?  ?  
  Enschede Electric 5 Jul 1908 28 Feb 1933  
  Zwolle Horse  ?  ?  

Zuid-Holland (South Holland)

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Capelle (aan den IJssel) Steam  ?  ?  
  Dordrecht Horse traction  ?  ?  
  Leiden Horse 1871 1911  
Electric 1911 7 Oct 1960 Reintroduction planned see also → RijnGouweLijn
NZH ♦ Leiden - Haarlem Steam 16 May 1881  ?  
Electric  ? 2 Jan 1949 N-Z Holland Tram = " Blue Tram "
NZH ♦ Leiden - Noordwijk aan Zee Steam traction 21 Jun 1885 7 Oct 1960  
NZH ♦ Leiden - Katwijk aan Zee Steam 4 Jun 1881 7 Oct 1960  
RTM & RET Rotterdam Horse 1 Jun 1879 18 May 1925  
Steam  ?  ?  
Petrol (gasoline) 19 May 1924 25 Oct 1928  
Electric 18 Sep 1905   see also: → RandstadRail.
RTM Schiedam Horse  ?  ?  
HTM The Hague = ♦ Den Haag - Scheveningen Horse 25 Jun 1864 1907  
Steam 1 Jul 1879 1924  
Accumulator with Lead-acid battery 2 Aug 1890 1904 One of the first electric vehicles in the world
Electric 6 Aug 1904   First segment "Semimetro": RandstadRail opened at 16 October 2004
 
HTM Den Haag - Delft Horse 24 Jun 1866 1887  
Steam 1887 1924  
Electric 1924   branch to Voorburg, opened 1934.
NZH ♦ Den Haag - Voorburg - Leiden Steam 1881 1924  
Electric 25 Jan 1924 9 Nov 1961 Blue Tram (Blauwe Tram)
HTM ♦ Den Haag - Wassenaar - Leiden Electric 3 June 1923 9 Nov 1961 Yellow Tram (Gele Tram)

Utrecht

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Amersfoort Horse 1901 1917  
  Baarn Horse  ?  ?  
Steam  ?  ?  
  Oudewater Horse  ?  ?  
Petrol (gasoline)  ?  ?  
  Soest Horse 1895 1922  
Petrol (gasoline)  ? 1925  
UTM Utrecht Horse 1879 1906  
GTU Utrecht Electric 20 Jun 1906 15 Jan 1939  
NBM ♦ Utrecht - De Bilt - Zeist Horse 29 Apr 1879 1909 ? Initial segment opened 1879 did not extend to Zeist.
Electric 1909 2 May 1949 Nederlandsche Buurtspoorweg-Maatschappij (NBM)
NBM Amersfoort - Zeist - Driebergen - Rhenen - Arnhem Horse 1882  ? Zeist - Driebergen.
Steam 1883 1931 (Zeist -) Driebergen - Doorn - Amerongen. Extended Elst - Rhenen - Wageningen - Oosterbeek - Arnhem in 1884 - 1887. Zeist - Huis ter Heide - Amersfoort opened 1910. Branch, Doorn - Wijk bij Duurstede, opened 1885, closed 1931, not electrified.
Petrol (gasoline) 1910 1931 (?)  
Electric 1911 2 May 1949 Zeist – Driebergen electrified 1911. Rhenen - Arnhem electrified 1922. Remainder of Amersfoort - Zeist - Rhenen - Arnhem electrified 1924. Rhenen - Arnhem closed 1937. Remainder closed 1949, last segment in operation was Amersfoort - Zeist - Doorn.
  Utrecht – NieuwegeinIJsselstein Electric 17 Dec 1983   Connexxion
  UtrechtVreeswijk Steam 1882  ?  
Horse 1893 1929  
Petrol (gasoline) 1923 1929  

Zeeland

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Tholen Steam  ?  ?  
Petrol (gasoline)  ?  ?  
  Vlissingen - Middelburg Steam 1885 1910  
Electric 1910 1944  

References