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Classification of ethiology could divided in four categories:

[1] It is difficult to distinguish between genetic and cryptogenic syndromes.

Morbility data is difficult to interpret when WHO[2] states 50-70 millions persons[3] suffers epilepsy[4]

nonadherence appears to be associated with increased health care costs, nevertheless XR-medicine appears as strategy to overcome compliance with AED[5]


type  ,,, ,,,,
INN  Generic slow release
carbamazepine  normal xr
lamotrigine  normal Lamictal XR[6]
levetiracetam  normal xr
oxcarbazepine  oxcarbazepine xr
phenytoin  ... xr
valproate  xr
topiramate  xr



A review of the efficacy and safety of eslicarbazepine acetate in the management of partial-onset seizures

Eslicarbazepine acetate for the treatment of focal epilepsy:an update on its proposed mechanisms of action

In vitro transport profile of carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine, eslicarbazepine acetate, and their active metabolites by human P-glycoprotein

Diverse Mechanisms of Antiepileptic Drugs in the Development Pipeline

ILAE Classification

[7] [8] [9] [10] ILAE Overview

See also

A new perspective for Epileptic Disorders


Q41571 op Wikidata  Interwiki via Wikidata

Epilepsies: diagnosis and management clinical guide

Prevalence and cost of nonadherence with antiepileptic drugs in an adult managed care population

The Efficacy of Leviteracetam versus Carbamazepine for Epilepsy: A Meta-Analysis

The intrinsic severity hypothesis of pharmacoresistance to antiepileptic drugs

Models of epilepsy

purinergic signalling:therapeutic developments

Electroencephalography in the Diagnosis of Genetic Generalized Epilepsy Syndromes

Ranking the Leading Risk Factors for Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy

Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome


Dravet's syndrome

Status epilepticus

Panayiotopoulos syndrome
epilepsia partialis continua

West's syndrome

Ohtahara syndrome

Pretzel syndrome

Doose syndrome


  1. The etiologic classification of epilepsy
  3. (Li et al 2014)
  4. (Chung 2015)
  5. (Davis et al 2008)
  8. epilepsy is not resolved. Epilepsy Currents 14 2014
  10. Annie T Berg et al.2010 Revised terminology and concepts for organization of seizures and epilepsies: report of the ILAE Commission on Classification and Terminology, 2005–2009 Epilepsia 51 676-685