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Common sunflower

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achenes
seeds
common sunflower
Info blue-32.png

Helianthus annuus
Helianthus annuus

Taxonomische indeling

Reich  Plant Plantae
Stamm  angiosperms Magnoliophyta
Klasse  dicots Magnoliopsida
Ordnung  Asterales
Familie  Compositae Asteraceae
Gattung  Helianthus Helianthus
Author(s)  L.
Jahr  1753

Systematiek

Ordnung  Asterales Asterales
Familie  Asteraceae Aster family

Sunflowers, a member of aster family native to North America, were and still is cultivated for their oil and their edible seeds [1] The spanish name of sunflower is girasol which means to turn with the sun, a behavior that is characteristic of the plant [2]

Chimalacatle was the name cited by Hernandez Historia de las plantas de Nueva España. In 1890, as “la flor que llaman del sol” in Joseph de Acosta Historia Natural.

Archaeology

Human consumption is deposited as coprolites [3]

Will et Burke (2006) stated a single origin of domesticated sunfower at east central US (cf. Heiser 1954), also by the evidence of charcoal of the fruit of the plant (i.e. achene) 4000 YBP

Links

GBIF


Source

Worldpedia(wikia):common Sunflower

References

References: