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Sydney Trains is the suburban commuter rail network serving the Australian city of Sydney, New South Wales. The network consists of surface lines in the suburbs, most of which feed underground lines in the central core. Its eight lines serve 178 stations. The network is controlled by the New South Wales Government's transport authority, Transport for NSW, and is part of the authority's Opal fare system. Day-to-day operation of the network is contracted to an eponymously named organisation also owned by the New South Wales Government. In 2017-18, 359.2 million passenger journeys were made on the network.
- F1 Manly
- F2 Taronga Zoo
- F3 Parramatta River
- F4 Cross Harbour
- F5 Neutral Bay
- F6 Mosman Bay
- F7 Double Bay
- F8 Cockatoo Island
In May 2012 the New South Wales Government announced a restructure of RailCorp, the organisation that owned and managed the metropolitan rail network and operated passenger services throughout the New South Wales. Two new organisations were created to take over operation of the services from 1 July 2013. Sydney Trains acquired all suburban services in the Sydney metropolitan area bounded by Berowra, Emu Plains, Macarthur and Waterfall from RailCorp's CityRail division. Intercity and Hunter Line services previously operated by CityRail were taken over by NSW Trains (branded as NSW TrainLink). RailCorp remained as the owner of the network infrastructure.
Beginning in 2018, some sections of the network are being transferred to the city’s metro and light rail networks. The line between Chatswood and Epping will form part of Sydney Metro Northwest and closed for conversion in September 2018. The section of line between Sydenham and Bankstown will form part of Sydney Metro City & Southwest. This metro project is due to open in 2024. The section of line between Camellia and Carlingford will form part of the Parramatta Light Rail network. The adjacent section of track between Clyde and Camellia, including Rosehill station, will become disused. The light rail is expected to open in 2023.
In July 2013 Howard Collins, the former Chief Operating Officer of London Underground, was appointed as Chief Executive of Sydney Trains. In addition to operating suburban train services, Sydney Trains maintains the New South Wales Metropolitan Rail Area, and maintains all but a handful of operational railway stations in the state.
Sydney Trains operates eight suburban lines across metropolitan Sydney.
In conjunction with a new timetable released on 20 October 2013, the Sydney Trains network was reorganised with a new numbering system. The number of lines was reduced from eleven to seven by merging several lines together.
An eighth line was created on 26 November 2017 by splitting the T2 line into two separate lines. T5 services were also modified to no longer travel to and from Campbelltown, instead starting and terminating at Leppington.
|Line colour, number and name||Between|
|T1 North Shore, Northern & Western Line||
Berowra and Emu Plains, Richmond or Hornsby via Central.
|T2 Inner West & Leppington Line||
City Circle and Parramatta or Leppington via Granville.
|T3 Bankstown Line||City Circle and Liverpool or Lidcombe via Bankstown and Sydenham.|
|T4 Eastern Suburbs & Illawarra Line||Bondi Junction and Waterfall or Cronulla via Central.|
|T5 Cumberland Line||Schofields and Leppington. Limited services continue from Schofields to Richmond.|
|T6 Carlingford Line||Clyde and Carlingford.|
|T7 Olympic Park Line||Lidcombe and Olympic Park. Some services operate between Central and Olympic Park, particularly during special events.|
|T8 Airport & South Line||City Circle and Macarthur via Revesby and either Sydenham (peak) or Airport|
The main hub of the Sydney Trains system is Central station, which most lines pass through. Central is also the terminus of most NSW TrainLink lines. After leaving Central, trains coming from the T2 Inner West & Leppington Line, T3 Bankstown Line and T8 Airport & South Line then travel through the City Circle - a ring line beneath the Sydney central business district. After completing the City Circle, these trains pass through Central for a second time and return to the suburbs. The T1 North Shore, Northern & Western Line and T4 Eastern Suburbs & Illawarra Line pass through the central business district and continue on to other areas of Sydney. The T5 Cumberland Line serves Western Sydney and provides access to the major centre of Parramatta from the south west of the city without requiring a change of trains at Granville. The T6 Carlingford Line and T7 Olympic Park Line are suburban shuttle services.
NightRide bus services established in 1989, replace trains between midnight and 4:30am, leaving the tracks clear of trains for maintenance work. Such bus services mainly stop near stations operating typically at hourly intervals (some routes depart more frequently on weekends). Many services depart the city from bus stops near Town Hall station. NightRide services are contracted to external bus operators and are identified by route numbers beginning with "N".
Sydney Trains operates a fleet of double deck electric multiple units. The trainsets are divided into the following classes:
|S sets||192||1972–80||4 cars|
|K sets||160||1981-85||4 cars|
|C sets||56||1986-87||4 cars|
|T sets||447||1988-95||4 cars|
|M sets||140||2002-05||4 cars|
|A sets||626||2011-14||8 cars|
|B sets||192||2018-19||8 cars|
Though primarily operated by NSW TrainLink, some H sets are also used on suburban services. Sydney Trains is also taking delivery of 24 eight-carriage series 2 Waratah trains, which are similar to the original A sets. It also maintains intercity trains for NSW TrainLink. The Sydney Trains network is divided into three sectors, based around three maintenance depots. Trainsets are identified by target plates, which are exhibited on the front lower nearside of driving carriages. Each target plate includes the letter of the class the set belongs to and the number of the individual set. Waratahs do not have a target plate, but instead, have the information written directly on the front of the train. The composition and formations of train sets and the target designations are subject to alteration.
|Sector #||Depot||Serviced lines||Target plate||Fleet|
|1||Mortdale||T4 Eastern Suburbs Illawarra Line.||Red||T|
|2||Flemington||T2 Inner West & Leppington, T3 Bankstown, T6 Carlingford, T7 Olympic Park and T8 Airport & South lines, Intercity Services on Blue Mountains & Central Coast lines (V sets only).||Blue||S, K, C, V|
|3||Hornsby||T1 North Shore, Northern & Western line.||Black||T|
|n/a||Eveleigh||South Coast Line, Central Coast and Newcastle Line.||Green||H|
|n/a||Auburn||T1 North Shore, Northern & Western (A sets only), T2 Inner West & Leppington, T3 Bankstown, T5 Cumberland (A and M Sets), T6 Carlingford (M sets only), T7 Olympic Park (A sets only), T8 Airport & South lines.||n/a||A, B, M|
The following table lists patronage figures for the network during the corresponding financial year. Australia's financial years start on 1 July and end on 30 June. Major events that affected the number of journeys made or how patronage is measured are included as notes.
- Opal rollout completed in March 2014.
- South West Rail Link opened in February 2015.
- Non-Opal tickets were discontinued in August 2016.
- Figures based on Opal tap on and tap off data.
†= T2 Airport, Inner West & South Line was split into the T2 Inner West & Leppington Line and T8 Airport & South Line in November 2017
Ticketing and costs
Sydney Trains currently uses the Opal fare system which was introduced to the network in April 2014. The fare system is fully integrated with the NSW TrainLink Intercity and Sydney Metro networks - trips involving both suburban and intercity services or train and metro travel are calculated as a single fare and there is no interchange penalty. A surcharge is levied when using the two privately operated stations serving Sydney Airport. As there are no return or periodical options available, reusable Opal cards include a number of caps to reduce the cost for frequent travellers. Opal is also valid on bus, ferry and light rail services but separate fares apply for these modes. The following table lists Opal fares for reusable smartcards and single trip tickets as of 2 July 2018:
|Train||0–10 km||10–20 km||20–35 km||35–65 km||65 km+|
|Adult cards (peak)||$3.54||$4.40||$5.05||$6.76||$8.69|
|Adult cards (off-peak)||$2.47||$3.08||$3.53||$4.73||$6.08|
|Other cards (peak)||$1.77||$2.20||$2.52^||$3.38^||$4.34^|
|Other cards (off-peak)||$1.23||$1.54||$1.76||$2.36||$3.03^|
|Adult single trip||$4.40||$5.40||$6.20||$8.20||$10.60|
|Child/Youth single trip||$2.20||$2.70||$3.10||$4.10||$5.30|
^ = $2.50 for Senior/Pensioner cardholders
The previous ticketing system was introduced in 1992 and was based on magnetic stripe technology. It was shut down on 1 August 2016.
- "RailCorp job cuts first of many: unions" The Sydney Morning Herald 15 May 2012
- "Ruthless RailCorp reforms planned as middle management axed" The Daily Telegraph 15 May 2012
- Corporate Plan 2012/13 RailCorp
- 700 jobs to go as RailCorp gets the axe Daily Telegraph 16 November 2012
- About the Reform Sydney Trains
- "Station Link bus services to connect customers during Metro upgrade". Transport for NSW. 7 April 2018. https://transportnsw.info/news/2018/station-link-bus-services-to-connect-customers-during-metro-upgrade.
- "Sydney Metro". Transport for NSW. http://sydneymetro.info/home. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
- "Parramatta Light Rail – Stage 1: Connecting great places". Transport for NSW. March 2017. http://data.parramattalightrail.nsw.gov.au/s3fs-public/AnnouncementBrochureA4.pdf. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
- "Parramatta Light Rail | Stage 1 – Westmead to Carlingford via Camellia: Environmental Impact Statement". Transport for NSW. pp. 5-65, 5-66. https://majorprojects.accelo.com/public/e321246b890ccdedc23308fbc50f77ab/01.%20PLR_EIS_Volume%201A.pdf. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
- "More Trains, More Services for South Western Sydney". Transport for NSW. Government of New South Wales. 27 February 2017. https://www.transport.nsw.gov.au/sites/default/files/b2b/projects/more-trains-more-services-sw-sydney-fact-sheet.pdf.
- O'Sullivan, Matt (21 February 2019). "A New Red Line Through Sydney's Rail Map". https://www.smh.com.au/national/nsw/a-new-red-line-through-sydney-s-rail-map-20190220-p50z1r.html.
- "Late night services". https://transportnsw.info/travel-info/using-public-transport/late-night-services.
- O'Sullivan, Matt (2018-03-22). "New Waratah trains finally signal end to Sydney's 'sweat sets'". https://www.smh.com.au/national/nsw/new-trains-finally-signal-end-to-sydney-s-sweat-sets-20180322-p4z5mf.html.
- "Our fleet - Sydney Trains". https://transportnsw.info/travel-info/ways-to-get-around/train/fleet-facilities/sydney-intercity-train-fleet/.
- "Train Fleet Maintenance". CityRail. 1 June 2006. Archived from the original on 13 March 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20080313154016/http://www.cityrail.info/aboutus/our_performance/train_maintenance.jsp. Retrieved 18 May 2008.
- Department of Railways, New South Wales: Working of Electric Trains, 1965
- "Transport for NSW Annual Report 2014-15". Transport for NSW. p. 131. http://www.transport.nsw.gov.au/sites/default/files/b2b/publications/annual_reports/tfnsw-annual-report-2014-15-volume-1.pdf. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
- "Sydney Trains 2015-16 Annual Report Volume 1" (pdf). Sydney Trains. p. 3. http://www.transport.nsw.gov.au/sites/default/files/b2b/publications/sydney-trains-annual-report-2015-16-volume-1.pdf.
- "Sydney Trains Annual Report 2016-17". Transport for NSW. p. 4. https://www.transport.nsw.gov.au/system/files/media/documents/2017/sydney-trains-annual-report-2016-17.pdf. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
- "Sydney Trains Annual Report 2017-18". Sydney Trains. p. 4. https://www.transport.nsw.gov.au/system/files/media/documents/2018/Sydney%20Trains%20Annual%20Report%202017-18.pdf. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
- "Train Patronage - Monthly Figures". Transport for NSW. https://www.transport.nsw.gov.au/data-and-research/passenger-travel/train-patronage/train-patronage-monthly-figures. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 March 2014. https://web.archive.org/web/20140303140325/https://www.opal.com.au/en/about-opal/what-services-can-i-use-it-on/Trains/. Retrieved 2014-03-28.
- "Metro coming mid 2019". Archived from the original on 4 February 2019. https://web.archive.org/web/20190204061655/https://transportnsw.info/metro. Retrieved 2019-03-16.
- "Opal fares". Transport for NSW. https://www.opal.com.au/en/opal-fares/. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
- "No more paper tickets | NSW Government | Opal". https://www.opal.com.au/en/opal-fares/no_more_paper_tickets/.
This article incorporates text from the following revision of the English Wikipedia article "Sydney Trains": https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sydney_Trains&oldid=884319578.