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The '''Sovereign State of Paraduin''' (''parallel [[dunya|world]]'') is a [[micronation]] established 1 April 2015 as a [[monarchy]] by Prince Ogidius ([[Dutch (language)|Dutch]]: Prins Ogidius).<ref name=Paraduin />  
 
The '''Sovereign State of Paraduin''' (''parallel [[dunya|world]]'') is a [[micronation]] established 1 April 2015 as a [[monarchy]] by Prince Ogidius ([[Dutch (language)|Dutch]]: Prins Ogidius).<ref name=Paraduin />  
  
It consists of two areas: a house in Rotterdam, formerly part of the [[Netherlands]], and a patch of uninhabited land on the Danube, known as [[Siga]], which includes a [[river island]]. The nation's activities are mainly [[Culture|cultural]].<ref name=Cultuur />
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It consists of two areas: a house in Rotterdam, formerly part of the [[Netherlands]], and a patch of uninhabited land on the [[Danube]], known as [[Siga]], which includes a [[river island]]. The nation's activities are mainly [[Culture|cultural]].<ref name=Cultuur />
  
==Rotterdam==
 
The house in Rotterdam, residence and property of the prince, was claimed as part of Paraduin on 1 April 2015. According to Prince Ogidius, who is suffering from the debilitating neuroimmune disease myalgic encephalomyeltis, international law gave him the right to secede from The Netherlands after he was denied welfare and the Dutch court refused to hear his case. This left him without means to survive. Although ME has been recognized by the WHO as early as 1969, its existence is still denied by the Dutch government. Many patients have no or little income.
 
  
==Siga==
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==Location==
Siga's status became disputed after Yugoslavia fell apart and the new republics of Croatia and Serbia could not agree on the location of their border. According to Serbia, the current location of the Danube is where the border lies, while Croatia claims it's where the river used to run on an earlier date. As a consequence, some larger areas on the left bank of the river (the Serbian side) are claimed by both macronations, while both nations claim that a few smaller pockets of land on the right bank (the Croatian side) belong to the other.
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[[File:Croatia Serbia border Backa Baranja.svg|thumb|250px|Paraduin's main territorial claim, Siga, is situated at the largest green-colored pocket of contested territory. The yellow-colored areas to the east are claimed by both [[Serbia]] and [[Croatia]]. According to Croatia the green parts belong to Serbia, while Serbia states they are Croatia's.]]
  
One view is that these smaller pockets, of which Siga is the largest, became a ''terra nullius'' to be claimed by anyone. Paraduin was the first of several micronations to do so, on 5 March 2015, before it even had established itself as a sovereign state. The macronations Serbia and Croatia maintain that Siga did not become a terra nullius, but is disputed land that will some day belong to one of them, depending on the outcome of negotiations. In 2015, no negotations were taking place.
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The territorial claim of Paraduin consists of two distinct locations. The [[administrative centre]] is a house within the borders of the city of [[Rotterdam]], [[Netherlands]]. The second location, [[Siga]], is an uninhabited parcel of contested land on the right bank of the [[Danube]] between [[Croatia]] and [[Serbia]], which neither of them covets.<ref name=Paraduin>[http://www.paraduin.nl/paraduin "Paraduin"], Paraduin (retrieved 21 June 2017)</ref>
  
A would-be micronation named Liberland tried to occupy the land but these attempts were thwarted with the aid of the Croatian police. Representatives of Liberland got detained and fined, and they are denied access. Tourists, however, are allowed to visit Siga. Part of the land is privately owned by a logging company.
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===Rotterdam===
 +
The house in Rotterdam is the residence and property of the prince. According to Prince Ogidius, who is suffering from the debilitating neuroimmune disease [[myalgic encephalomyeltis]], international law gave him the right to secede from the Netherlands after he was denied [[welfare]] and the Dutch court refused to hear his case. This left him without means to survive. Although ME has been recognized by the [[World Health Organization]] as early as 1969, its existence is still denied by the Dutch government. Many patients have no or little income.
 +
 
 +
===Siga===
 +
Siga's status became disputed after [[Yugoslavia]] fell apart and the new independent states of Croatia and Serbia could not agree on the location of their border. According to Serbia, the current location of the Danube is where the border lies, while Croatia claims it's where the river used to run at an earlier date. As a consequence, some larger areas on the left bank of the river are claimed by both macronations, while each maintains that a few smaller pockets of land on the right bank belong to the other.<ref name=WarandPeace>Mladen Klemenčić, Clive H. Schofield, [https://www.dur.ac.uk/ibru/publications/download/?id=218 ''"War and Peace on the Danube. The Evolution of the Croatia-Serbia Boundary"''], Boundary and Territory Briefing 3(3), 2001, IBRU, Durham University, UK, ISBN=1-897643-41-1</ref>
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 +
One view is that these smaller pockets, of which Siga with about 7 km<sup>2</sup><ref name=WarandPeace /> is the largest, became [[terra nullius]] to be claimed by anyone. Paraduin was the first of several micronations to do so. The macronations Serbia and Croatia maintain that Siga did not become a terra nullius, but is disputed land that will some day belong to one of them, depending on the outcome of negotiations.
 +
 
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Siga includes a [[floodplain]] forest, known locally as Gornja Siga (Upper Siga), and a [[River island|river isle]], Siga Szeget (Siga Island). The area is uninhabited, and international [[Treaty|treaties]] regarding the Danube require it to keep its [[Ecology|ecological]] function. Part of the land is privately owned by a [[logging]] company, while the beach and the sandy river island allow for occasional [[tourism]].<ref>[http://www.paraduin.nl/siga "Siga"], Paraduin (retrieved 21 June 2017)</ref>
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
 
Although Paraduin claimed Siga on 5 March 2015,<ref>Ogidius, [http://www.paraduin.nl/2015/03/05/paraduin-claims-terra-nullius-siga "Paraduin Claims Terra Nullius Siga"], Paraduin Nieuws,5 March 2015</ref> the micronation's official founding day is 1 April 2015, when it added the Rotterdam headquarters and called itself a [[Sovereignty|sovereign]] [[State (polity)|state]]. With permanent residence guaranteed, the nation presumes to satisfy the [[Montevideo Convention|Montevideo criteria]] for statehood.<ref>Ogidius, [http://www.paraduin.nl/2015/04/01/paraduin-claimt-nederlands-grondgebied "Paraduin Claimt Nederlands Grondgebied"] (Dutch) (''"Paraduin Claims Dutch Territory"''), Paraduin Nieuws, 1 April 2015</ref>
 
Although Paraduin claimed Siga on 5 March 2015,<ref>Ogidius, [http://www.paraduin.nl/2015/03/05/paraduin-claims-terra-nullius-siga "Paraduin Claims Terra Nullius Siga"], Paraduin Nieuws,5 March 2015</ref> the micronation's official founding day is 1 April 2015, when it added the Rotterdam headquarters and called itself a [[Sovereignty|sovereign]] [[State (polity)|state]]. With permanent residence guaranteed, the nation presumes to satisfy the [[Montevideo Convention|Montevideo criteria]] for statehood.<ref>Ogidius, [http://www.paraduin.nl/2015/04/01/paraduin-claimt-nederlands-grondgebied "Paraduin Claimt Nederlands Grondgebied"] (Dutch) (''"Paraduin Claims Dutch Territory"''), Paraduin Nieuws, 1 April 2015</ref>
  
Several other micronations intended to acquire Siga, specifically South Maudlandia (18 March),<ref>[https://southmaudlandianstandard.wordpress.com/category/opinion "Analysis – The Pannonian Crisis"], South Maudlandian Standard, 28 April 2015</ref> [[Liberland]] (13 April),<ref>[http://www.romaniatv.net/un-cetatean-ceh-a-format-o-noua-republica-in-europa_283323.html "Un cetăţean ceh a format o nouă republică în Europa. Cum obţii cetăţenie"] (Romanian) (''"A Czech citizen has formed a new republic in Europe. How to get citizenship"''), Romania TV, 29 March 2016</ref> and Âûtia (17 April),<ref name=SociaalBestek /> but arrived later.<ref>Firat Yuzbasioglu, [http://oikosonline.nl/2015/11/27/regering-beu-sticht-je-eigen-land "Regering beu? Sticht je eigen land!"] (Dutch) (''"Fed up with the government? Create your own country!"''), Oikos Online, 27 November 2015</ref> A flag ceremoniously raised by representatives of Liberland was removed within days.<ref>Vesna Spasojević , [http://www.rtv.rs/sr_lat/drustvo/liberlend-zemlja-koje-nema_590231.html "Liberlend, zemlja koje – nema"] (Serbian) (''"Liberland, a country that - no"''), Radio Televizija Vojvodine, 17 April 2015</ref>
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Several other micronations intended to acquire Siga, specifically South Maudlandia (18 March),<ref>[https://southmaudlandianstandard.wordpress.com/category/opinion "Analysis – The Pannonian Crisis"], South Maudlandian Standard, 28 April 2015</ref> [[Liberland]] (13 April),<ref>[http://www.romaniatv.net/un-cetatean-ceh-a-format-o-noua-republica-in-europa_283323.html "Un cetăţean ceh a format o nouă republică în Europa. Cum obţii cetăţenie"] (Romanian) (''"A Czech citizen has formed a new republic in Europe. How to get citizenship"''), Romania TV, 29 March 2016</ref> and Âûtia (17 April),<ref name=SociaalBestek /> but arrived later.<ref>Firat Yuzbasioglu, [http://oikosonline.nl/2015/11/27/regering-beu-sticht-je-eigen-land "Regering beu? Sticht je eigen land!"] (Dutch) (''"Fed up with the government? Create your own country!"''), Oikos Online, 27 November 2015</ref> A flag ceremoniously raised by representatives of Liberland was removed within days.<ref>Vesna Spasojević , [http://www.rtv.rs/sr_lat/drustvo/liberlend-zemlja-koje-nema_590231.html "Liberlend, zemlja koje – nema"] (Serbian) (''"Liberland, a country that - no"''), Radio Televizija Vojvodine, 17 April 2015</ref> New attempts by Liberland representatives to access the area were thwarted by the Croatian police.
  
 
The [[Principality of Ongal]] claims the remaining, smaller pieces of disputed territory on the Danube's right bank, about 1,5 km<sup>2</sup> in total.
 
The [[Principality of Ongal]] claims the remaining, smaller pieces of disputed territory on the Danube's right bank, about 1,5 km<sup>2</sup> in total.

Revision as of 00:23, 21 June 2017

The Sovereign State of Paraduin (parallel world) is a micronation established 1 April 2015 as a monarchy by Prince Ogidius (Dutch: Prins Ogidius).[1]

It consists of two areas: a house in Rotterdam, formerly part of the Netherlands, and a patch of uninhabited land on the Danube, known as Siga, which includes a river island. The nation's activities are mainly cultural.[2]


Location

File:Croatia Serbia border Backa Baranja.svg
Paraduin's main territorial claim, Siga, is situated at the largest green-colored pocket of contested territory. The yellow-colored areas to the east are claimed by both Serbia and Croatia. According to Croatia the green parts belong to Serbia, while Serbia states they are Croatia's.

The territorial claim of Paraduin consists of two distinct locations. The administrative centre is a house within the borders of the city of Rotterdam, Netherlands. The second location, Siga, is an uninhabited parcel of contested land on the right bank of the Danube between Croatia and Serbia, which neither of them covets.[1]

Rotterdam

The house in Rotterdam is the residence and property of the prince. According to Prince Ogidius, who is suffering from the debilitating neuroimmune disease myalgic encephalomyeltis, international law gave him the right to secede from the Netherlands after he was denied welfare and the Dutch court refused to hear his case. This left him without means to survive. Although ME has been recognized by the World Health Organization as early as 1969, its existence is still denied by the Dutch government. Many patients have no or little income.

Siga

Siga's status became disputed after Yugoslavia fell apart and the new independent states of Croatia and Serbia could not agree on the location of their border. According to Serbia, the current location of the Danube is where the border lies, while Croatia claims it's where the river used to run at an earlier date. As a consequence, some larger areas on the left bank of the river are claimed by both macronations, while each maintains that a few smaller pockets of land on the right bank belong to the other.[3]

One view is that these smaller pockets, of which Siga with about 7 km2[3] is the largest, became terra nullius to be claimed by anyone. Paraduin was the first of several micronations to do so. The macronations Serbia and Croatia maintain that Siga did not become a terra nullius, but is disputed land that will some day belong to one of them, depending on the outcome of negotiations.

Siga includes a floodplain forest, known locally as Gornja Siga (Upper Siga), and a river isle, Siga Szeget (Siga Island). The area is uninhabited, and international treaties regarding the Danube require it to keep its ecological function. Part of the land is privately owned by a logging company, while the beach and the sandy river island allow for occasional tourism.[4]

History

Although Paraduin claimed Siga on 5 March 2015,[5] the micronation's official founding day is 1 April 2015, when it added the Rotterdam headquarters and called itself a sovereign state. With permanent residence guaranteed, the nation presumes to satisfy the Montevideo criteria for statehood.[6]

Several other micronations intended to acquire Siga, specifically South Maudlandia (18 March),[7] Liberland (13 April),[8] and Âûtia (17 April),[9] but arrived later.[10] A flag ceremoniously raised by representatives of Liberland was removed within days.[11] New attempts by Liberland representatives to access the area were thwarted by the Croatian police.

The Principality of Ongal claims the remaining, smaller pieces of disputed territory on the Danube's right bank, about 1,5 km2 in total.

Motto and constitution

The micronation's motto is 'Freedom in Solidarity',[1] and it supports the idea of a basic income.[9]

The constitution of Paraduin, published on April 1 2015, consists of 11 articles. The first article promises fair treatment to all citizens, while the third guarantees freedom of thought. These are viewed as basic human rights from which other rights are derived.

The constitution furthermore establishes the nation as a monarchy, with Ogidius as its first ruler. The ruler's title is Prince (or Princess) of Paraduin, but the ruler is also considered a citizen. Although the legal power of the monarch is in every other aspect absolute, the right to fair treatment is unalienable. Other constitutional rights can only be limited if fair treatment requires it.[12]

Economy

Paraduin is mainly a cultural nation. Ongoing activities include the administration of the free online encyclopedia Wikisage, with versions in Dutch and English, and the writing and promotion of a novel called Bellerophon and other stories that play on a parallel world, also named Paraduin.[2] June 2017, The Dutch version of Wikisage contained over 42,000 articles.[13]

In December 2016, Paraduin announced its participation in a film project, the horror thriller The Russian Bride, starring Kristina Pimenova, Oksana Orlan and Corbin Bernsen, directed by Michael S. Ojeda. The micronation is represented by an executive producer.[14] Production on location was carried out in March 2017 at the Scripps Mansion in Lake Orion, Michigan.[15][16][17]

External links

References

References:
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Paraduin", Paraduin (retrieved 21 June 2017)
  2. 2.0 2.1 Cultuur, Paraduin (retrieved 20 June 2017)
  3. 3.0 3.1 Mladen Klemenčić, Clive H. Schofield, "War and Peace on the Danube. The Evolution of the Croatia-Serbia Boundary", Boundary and Territory Briefing 3(3), 2001, IBRU, Durham University, UK, ISBN=1-897643-41-1
  4. "Siga", Paraduin (retrieved 21 June 2017)
  5. Ogidius, "Paraduin Claims Terra Nullius Siga", Paraduin Nieuws,5 March 2015
  6. Ogidius, "Paraduin Claimt Nederlands Grondgebied" (Dutch) ("Paraduin Claims Dutch Territory"), Paraduin Nieuws, 1 April 2015
  7. "Analysis – The Pannonian Crisis", South Maudlandian Standard, 28 April 2015
  8. "Un cetăţean ceh a format o nouă republică în Europa. Cum obţii cetăţenie" (Romanian) ("A Czech citizen has formed a new republic in Europe. How to get citizenship"), Romania TV, 29 March 2016
  9. 9.0 9.1 Guido den Broeder, "Een basisinkomen voor chronisch zieken en mensen met een beperking", Sociaal Bestek 77(3):34–36, 2015
  10. Firat Yuzbasioglu, "Regering beu? Sticht je eigen land!" (Dutch) ("Fed up with the government? Create your own country!"), Oikos Online, 27 November 2015
  11. Vesna Spasojević , "Liberlend, zemlja koje – nema" (Serbian) ("Liberland, a country that - no"), Radio Televizija Vojvodine, 17 April 2015
  12. Constitutie, Paraduin, 1 April 2015
  13. Wikisage Hoofdpagina (Dutch), Wikisage (retrieved 20 June 2017)
  14. Ogidius, "Paraduin Participant in Kristina Pimenova Film", Paraduin Nieuws, 4 December 2016
  15. Ogidius, "Filming of The Russian Bride to take place in March", Paraduin Nieuws, 1 March 2017
  16. Jonathan Barkan, "Filming Begins on The Russian Bride and We’ve Got Exclusive Photos", Dread Central, 22 March 2017
  17. Brad Miska, "‘Avenged’ Director Battles ‘The Russian Bride’!!", Bloody Disgusting, 22 March 2017