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California Jazz Conservatory
The California Jazz Conservatory, formerly known as the Jazzschool, is a privately owned non-profit music school for jazz students in Berkeley, California. Founded in 1997, the school won accreditation as a conservatory in early 2014. It is the only American school with a year-round jazz music program.
The California Jazz Conservatory was founded in 1997 as "Jazzschool" by Susan Muscarella, a jazz pianist who studied with Wilbert Baranco in the 1970s, joined a band, and released a solo album called Rainflowers in 1979. After being accepted and mentored by director Dr. David W. Tucker, she played piano, taught at, and then succeeded Tucker upon his retirement as the director of the University of California Jazz Ensembles program at the University of California, Berkeley. In 1989 she left the Cal music department for private teaching and professional performance, playing at various times with Sonny Rollins, Sheila E., Marian McPartland, Marlena Shaw and Arturo Sandoval.
In 1997 Muscarella bought an old 1880s residence at 2377 Shattuck Avenue in downtown Berkeley to house the school and a connected cafe called La Note, the latter run by her neighbor, environment designer Dororthée Mitrani-Bell. The California Jazz Conservatory enrolled about 130–150 students in its first quarter, taught by some 25 local jazz musicians and educators. By 2001 the school enrolled 600 students each quarter. The street-level La Note space was used by the California Jazz Conservatory after hours as a classroom and performance space seating 60.
In 2002 to suit its expansion the school moved to larger accommodations a few blocks away at 2087 Addison Street, leaving the cafe to operate separately. The new location—the basement of the historic S. H. Kress & Co. retail store in the middle of the Downtown Berkeley Arts District—was rebuilt to contain 12 rehearsal rooms, 14 classrooms, a 60-seat concert space and a snack shop called Jazzcaffé. The performance space was named Hardymon Hall to memorialize Berkeley High School's dynamic jazz educator Phil Hardymon who founded the Berkeley Jazz Project in 1975 for high school students. In January 2002 the inaugural performance in Hardymon Hall featured singer Madeline Eastman backed by pianist Frank Martin, bassist Peter Barshay and drummer Vince Lateano.
In 2009, the "Jazzschool Institute" began operating under the "Jazzschool" umbrella. The Jazzschool Institute was a four-year music conservatory offering a Bachelor of Music degree to vocalists and instrumentalists. The Jazzschool Institute was superseded by the California Jazz Conservatory in late February 2014.
San Francisco Bay Area musicians who have taught at the California Jazz Conservatory include pianist Taylor Eigsti, vocalist Kim Nalley, violinist and violist Mads Tolling, singer Madeline Eastman, violinist and arranger Jeremy Cohen of Quartet San Francisco, percussionist John Santos of the Machete Ensemble, singer Joe Bagale of Jazz Mafia, percussionist and vocalist Edgardo Cambón of Candela, flugelhornist Dmitri Matheny, saxophonist Anton Schwartz, singer Kellye Gray, saxophonist Michael Zilber, pianist Mark Levine, horn player Ellen Seeling of Isis, and guitarist Mimi Fox.
California Jazz Conservatory students may be awarded scholarships such as the Mark Murphy Vocal Jazz Scholarship first given in 2009. Other established endowments include the Jamey Aebersold Scholarship and the William E. Robinson Scholarship. About 15% of the students are assisted financially with a scholarship. In 2012 the Eddie Marshall Scholarship Fund was initiated to memorialize longtime faculty member Eddie Marshall, a drummer who worked at the Keystone Korner jazz club in San Francisco's North Beach where he played behind jazz greats such as Dexter Gordon, Stan Getz and Bobby Hutcherson.
Jazz poet laureate Ishmael Reed enrolled in 1998 at the age of 60 to learn jazz piano. He studied under Muscarella through 2004, and inspired a class for teaching poetry composition intended for music. After his "Jazzschool" term, Reed continued to work with pianist Mary Watkins, and in 2007 as the Ishmael Reed Quintet he produced his debut album called For All We Know on which he leads the band and plays piano.
In the media
Susan Muscarella and other musicians from the University of California Jazz Ensembles who were affiliated with the Conservatory appear in the novel Never Split Tens by Les Golden of Oak Park, Illinois, who was one of the founders of the Jazz Ensembles.
- Young, Zoe (February 27, 2014). "Berkeley's Jazzschool earns conservatory accreditation". Contra Costa Times. http://www.contracostatimes.com/news/ci_25239898/berkeleys-jazzschool-earns-conservatory-accreditation.
- Hamlin, Jesse (February 26, 2014). "Berkeley's Jazzschool now the California Jazz Conservatory". SF Gate. http://www.sfgate.com/music/article/Berkeley-s-Jazzschool-now-the-California-Jazz-5270675.php.
- Jazz education journal (International Association for Jazz Education) 39 (1–3): 98, 105. 2006.
- Gilbert, Andrew (August 12, 2005). "Berkeley: Latin grooves jazz up downtown for festival". San Francisco Chronicle (SFGate.com). http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Berkeley-Latin-grooves-jazz-up-downtown-for-2648687.php. Retrieved September 11, 2012.
- Baedeker, Rob (July 20, 2009). "Giant steps: A jazz musician's business education, in 'real time'". San Francisco Chronicle (SFGate.com). http://www.sfgate.com/business/article/Giant-steps-A-jazz-musician-s-business-2479386.php. Retrieved September 11, 2012.
- Snapp, Martin (May–June 2009). "Touching Bass with Susan Muscarella: A jazz degree with roots in Cal". California Magazine (California Alumni Association). http://alumni.berkeley.edu/news/california-magazine/may-june-2009-go-bare/touching-bass-susan-muscarella.
- Hamlin, Jesse (October 24, 2004). "From classical to cool: Berkeley couple Robert Cole and Susan Muscarella share devotion to music—and each other". San Francisco Chronicle (SFGate.com). http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/From-classical-to-cool-Berkeley-couple-Robert-2679793.php#page-2. Retrieved September 11, 2012.
- Gilbert, Andrew (September 2007). "Muscarella Makes Her Mark: Berkeley's Jazzschool celebrates 10 years of music, magic and some rough waters". The Monthly. http://www.themonthly.com/feature-09-07.html.
- Greenman, Dan (July 8, 2000). "Jazzschool presents summer music series". The Berkeley Daily Planet: p. 1. http://www.berkeleydailyplanet.com/issue/2000-07-08/article/643?headline=Jazzschool-presents-summer-music-series.
- Geluardi, John (January 21, 2002). "Jazzschool arrives on a sweet note". The Berkeley Daily Planet: p. 1. http://www.berkeleydailyplanet.com/issue/2002-01-21/article/9627?headline=Jazzschool-arrives-on-a-sweet-note.
- Wiegand, David (October 10, 2010). "Jazzschool a straight-ahead success in Berkeley". San Francisco Chronicle (SFGate.com). http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Jazzschool-a-straight-ahead-success-in-Berkeley-3171606.php. Retrieved September 11, 2012.
- "Faculty". Jazzschool. Archived from the original on May 3, 2013. https://archive.is/20130503063838/http://jazzschool.org/about-the-jazzschool/faculty/. Retrieved September 11, 2012.
- Mergner, Lee (November 4, 2009). "Singer Receives First Mark Murphy Vocal Jazz Scholarship". JazzTimes. http://jazztimes.com/articles/25267-singer-receives-first-mark-murphy-vocal-jazz-scholarship. Retrieved September 11, 2012.
- "Jazzschool Institute Scholarships". Jazzschool. http://jazzschool.org/baccalaureate-program/general-information/scholarships/. Retrieved September 11, 2012.
- "Scholarships". Jazzschool. Archived from the original on June 29, 2013. https://web.archive.org/web/20130629030205/http://jazzschool.org/support-the-jazzschool/scholarships/. Retrieved September 11, 2012.
- Gilbert, Andrew (February 9, 2012). "At Berkeley Jazzschool: first Annual Eddie Marshall Tribute". Berkeleyside. http://www.berkeleyside.com/2012/02/09/the-bay-areas-trap-set-poet-1st-annual-eddie-marshall-tribute/. Retrieved September 11, 2012.
- Reed, Ishmael (2007). "Sonny Rollins: The Colossus". in Vibe Street Lit. The Vibe Q. Kensington. p. 132. ISBN 1601830025. https://books.google.com/books?id=1SH_1PT785gC&pg=PA132.
- Arnold, Eric K. (November 10, 2004). "He's the Ish". East Bay Express. http://www.eastbayexpress.com/ebx/hes-the-ish/Content?oid=1075826. Retrieved September 11, 2012.
- Reed, Ishmael (2008). Mixing It Up: Taking On the Media Bullies and Other Reflections. Da Capo Press. p. 36. ISBN 1568583397. https://books.google.com/books?id=PgVs-HKW4QMC&pg=PA36.